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  • Adopted at birth in 1955.
  • At 30 years old he was fired from thecompany he started
  • Co-Founder of Apple Inc
  • Co-Founder of Pixar Animation Studios


Steven Paul Jobs(February 24, 1955– October 5, 2011) was an American businessman. He was best known as the co-founder, former chairman, and former chief executive officer ofApple Inc.; co-founder and former chief executive ofPixar Animation Studios; a member ofDisney's board of directors following their acquisition of Pixar; and founder, chairman, and CEO ofNeXT. Jobs is widely recognized as a pioneer of themicrocomputer revolutionof the 1970s, along with Apple co-founderSteve Wozniak;
Adopted at birth inSan Franciscoand raised in theSan Francisco Bay Areaduring the 1960s, Jobs'scountercultural lifestylewas a product of his time. As a senior atHomestead High School, inCupertino, California, his two closest friends were the older engineering student (and Homestead High alumnus)Steve Wozniakand his countercultural girlfriend, the artistically inclined Homestead High juniorChrisann Brennan. Jobs briefly attendedReed Collegein 1972 before dropping out.
Jobs co-founded Apple in 1976 to sell Wozniak'sApple Ipersonal computer. The duo gained fame and wealth a year later for theApple II, one of the first highly successful mass-produced personal computers.After a long power struggle, Jobs was forced out of Apple in 1985.
After leaving Apple, Jobs subsequentlytook a few of its members with himto foundNeXT, acomputer platformdevelopment company specializing instate of the art, higher end computers for higher-education and business markets. In addition, Jobs helped to instigate the development of thevisual effectsindustry whenhe funded the spinout of the computer graphics divisionofGeorge Lucas' companyLucasfilmin 1986.[4]The new company, renamedPixar, would eventually produce the first fully computer-generated animated film,Toy Story,an event made possible in part due to Jobs's financial support.


In 1997, Apple purchased NeXT, allowing Jobs to return as the company's CEO. He would return the company, which was on the verge of bankruptcy, back to profitability. Beginning in 1997 with theThink differentcampaign, Jobs worked closely with designerJonathan "Jony" Ivetowards a line of devices that would have larger cultural ramifications: theiMac;iTunes;Apple Stores; theiPod; theiTunes Store; theiPhone; theApp Store; and theiPad.Mac OSwas also revamped intoOS X, based on NeXT'sNeXTSTEPplatform. Jobs was diagnosed with apancreasneuroendocrine tumorin 2003 and died ofrespiratory arrestrelated to the tumor on October 5, 2011.